ICC NOTE: After long and difficult negotiations, South Korea and North Koreahave come to a principle agreement allowing Christian priests to enter the hermit kingdom on a ‘regular basis’. North Korea is likely the most restrictive regimein the world with religion highly regulatedand monitored by the Communist government. Currently there is only one legitimate church building standing in Pyongyang, the Changchung Cathedral which has not seen any form of an ordained minister. The agreement is a major improvement between the two nations potentially allowing for more dialogue in the future, but more importantly the opportunity to help care for the spiritual growth of the 3,000 Christians who live in North Korea.
Seoul(The Japan Times)– South Korea’s Catholic Church said Monday it had reached an agreement with North Korea to send priests there on “a regular basis,” seeking an opening in a country with a long history of tight religious control.The agreement, which should see priests leading services in Pyongyang on major holy days starting next year, followed a visit to the North Korean capital by South Korean bishops last week.Pyongyang’s state-run Korean Catholic Association (KCA) has no ties with the Vatican and is often referred to as the “Church of Silence” by Catholics in the South.
Although religious freedom is enshrined in the North’s constitution, all religious activity is subject to extremely tight restrictions and completely banned outside of state-sanctioned institutions.
There is no resident Catholic priest anywhere in the country and just one Catholic church building in Pyongyang, Changchung Cathedral. Experts say it holds no confessions, baptisms or any other sacraments.
The South’s Catholic Bishop’s Conference of Korea (CBCK) said in a statement that priests from the Seoul Archdiocese will visit the cathedral “on major holy days each year and hold a Mass on a regular basis.”CBCK spokesman Lee Young-sik said the first visit is scheduled for Easter next March.“And then we will iron out details on how frequently they would visit and lead a mass there,” Lee said.
The KCA claims there are 3,000 Catholics in the country, while the U.N. estimates around 800.In the early 20th century, Pyongyang was aregional missionary hub with scores of churches and a thriving Christian community that earned it the title of “Jerusalem of the East.”For North Korea’s founding leader Kim Il Sung, Christianity threatened his monopoly on ideology and had to be effectively eradicated, a goal he reportedly achieved with executions and labor camps.
The current regime allows Catholic organizations to run aid projects in North Korea, but direct relations with the Vatican are nonexistent.When Pope Francis visited South Korea last year, he held a special Mass in Seoul dedicated to reunification of the two Koreas.“All Koreans are brothers and sisters, members of one family, one people,” the pope said in an address that was cloaked in a religious context and avoided any overt political statement or mention of religious oppression in the North.